A slight comic actor chiefly known for his boyish charm, Matthew Broderick was born on March 21, 1962 in New York City, to Patricia Broderick (née Biow), a playwright and painter, and 詹姆斯·布罗德里克, an actor. His father had Irish and English ancestry, and his mother was from a Jewish family (from Germany and Poland).
Matthew initially took up acting at New York's upper-crust Walden School after being sidelined from his athletic pursuits (football and soccer) by a knee injury. His father got him his stage debut at age 17 in a workshop production of the play "On Valentine's Day". Matthew's career then accelerated with parts in two 尼尔·西蒙 projects: the play "Brighton Beach Memoirs" (1982-83) and the feature film 贵客光临 (1983). Broderick reprised the role of Eugene in "Biloxi Blues" (1988), the second installment of the Simon trilogy, for both the Broadway production and the film adaptation (天才大兵 (1988)). For the third and final installment of the trilogy, he was replaced by 乔纳森·斯沃曼. In 1983, the same year as 贵客光临 (1983), Broderick had his first big-screen success in the light comedy 战争游戏 (1983). Since then he has had his fair share of hits and misses, with some of his better films including Project X (1987) also starring 海伦·亨特, whom he subsequently dated; 不知不觉爱上你 (1997); and 神探加吉特 (1999). Other films he has appeared in which may be known but not so much respected include 超级女绑匪 (1992) with his 春天不是读书天 (1986) co-star 杰弗瑞·琼斯; 纽约夜月情 (1993); 窈窕男女 (1994); and 王牌特派员 (1996) with 金·凯瑞, which got him an MTV "Best Fight" award nomination; and the MTV film 校园风云 (1999) with 瑞茜·威瑟斯彭. In 1985 he was involved in a controversial car crash while driving in Ireland with his then fiancée 詹妮弗·格雷. The crash killed a woman and her daughter. Broderick paid a small fine to the family of the victims. He broke his leg in the accident, which happened just as 春天不是读书天 (1986), his biggest hit, was coming out in the US. The box office success (but critical flop) and special effects blockbuster 哥斯拉 (1998) gave Broderick his first action role (should any "Godzilla" sequels be planned, he is under contract for two more). He has occasionally returned to the stage in New York, either in revivals of old musical warhorses such as "How To Succeed In Business Without Really Trying" or in revivals of old "show people"plays, such as "Night Must Fall". In 1996 Broderick attempted to wear three hats as co-producer/director/actor in 情深我心 (1996), working very closely with his mother, who also wrote the screenplay. It was not a critical or commercial success, and he has not directed or produced since. Since May 1997 he has been married to actress 莎拉·杰茜卡. He was previously engaged to both 海伦·亨特 and dated 莉莉·泰勒. In 1999 he donned a trenchcoat for the children's film 神探加吉特 (1999), alongside 鲁伯特·艾弗雷特 as the evil villain Claw. In March 2001 Broderick returned to Broadway in the musical smash "The Producers" (based on the 1968 梅尔·布鲁克斯 film of the same name). He was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical, which he lost to his co-star, 内森·连恩.